What is Product Backlog and who owns it? | chisel (2023)

This article covers:

  • What is the product portfolio?
  • Who is the owner of the product portfolio?
  • Who makes the final decision on the prioritization of the product portfolio?
  • Who can request backlog items?
  • What are the characteristics of a good Product Backlog?
  • How to estimate the Product Backlog?
  • What are the prioritization techniques of the Product Backlog?
  • Examples of product accumulation
  • Backlog de Sprint vs. Backlog de Producto

What is the product portfolio?

Backlogs de Scrumlist all the work you need to complete. It is where you store the things you need to do in the future.

Specifically, a product backlog is a list that includes user stories, new features, changes to existing features, anderror correction.It also contains elements that help teams achieve specific results.

Nothing is done unless it is in the product backlog. However, just because you wrote something doesn't mean you have to turn it in.

it's justrepresents an optionto provide certain things in lieu of compromises.

Should bestraightto add an item to the product backlog. Also, deleting a pending item should be just as simple.

When organizing the product portfolio, you shouldSort items by priority.The highest ranked items represent the most essential in the kit to complete the task.

Osizemidetailof a portfolio item can vary depending on the length of time you need.

Working on an item shouldcontain enough informationso that the equipment starts working immediately.

However, assume that these items do not have a specific due date.

Your outline should remain broad with few details in such a case. This ensures that you can transfer to other projects as needed or desired.

Product backlog items continually change as team members better understand the outcome.

These changes include adding or removing backlog items and refining existing ones.

Such a process gives thedynamic featureforany product design/development.

Regarding the product portfolio, a team can have several people with different roles.

The person responsible for maintaining everything related to this list is called the"Product Owner."

Prima:Click here to learn more about the roles and responsibilities of a Product Owner.

This position requires keeping track of items that you can delete once completed or no longer need to be there for whatever reason.

Changes in the teams, such as the inclusion of new elements or changes in the objectives, must also translate into changes in the respective priorities. It helps everything stay up to date.

What is Product Backlog and who owns it? | chisel (1)

Who is the owner of the product portfolio?

the product ownerowns and decides to prioritize the product portfolio.

It would be better for all the members of the wholecross-functional teamsto contribute to the delays.

What is Product Backlog and who owns it? | chisel (2)

Another thing to remember is thatChange of owners and purposesbased on team approach.

For example, the owner of the sprint backlog in scrum is the delivery team.

Who makes the final decision on the prioritization of the product portfolio?

Sin mixed, ohproduct owner (PO)is the only person responsible for prioritizing the stories within the product portfolio.

(Video) Introduction to Scrum - 7 Minutes

Even if the PO makes the final decision to prioritize the product backlog, it does not mean that the product owner is alone in this task. They can ask for any help they need.

It would be better if you understood that the owner of the product is alawyerfor the client

The more they understand the customer's needs, the better their project will be in terms ofcost-benefitmisustainability.

They shouldstay in close contact with your customersto collect all the necessary information about how they would like this new product or aresourcedevelop.

Talking to other stakeholders can also give them an idea: there should be no surprises during development.

All it takes is one big change request at an expensive time close to the release date to push things back weeks, if not months, without proper planning beforehand.

The product owner is the only person responsible for deciding prioritiesAt the end of the day.This is why you should never have multiple product owners.

There must be a single point of truth for decisions: the product owner.

So,Where does the scrum master come into all of this?

think about himscrum master as team leader.

Prima:Click here for an understanding of a scum team.

must remainimpartial in all matters of product designand decision making, but still face obstacles that could inhibit a productive workflow on the project.

they are likemoderatorsthis way. They may not play favorites with their team members or interfere in case of disagreement on the best way forward.

Suppose they go too deep into this kind of discussion. In that case, it will only serve as an impediment when trying to solve problems with your colleagues.

Your time would now be split between two responsibilities instead of just one.

The Scrum Master will always help the Product Owner in the process. However, they will not get involved in the last word.

Preventing the Scrum Master from prioritizing is the same logic as why aproject Managerand a scrum master should never be the same person.

Many companies will try this because they want to achieveagile practices without changingtheir old values, processes or organizations. But it doesn't work like that.

How long or Product Backlog?

Product backlog exists and changes throughout product development.

It is lasts for the life of the product.

Who can request backlog items?

Product owners request product rollup.

work with himconcerned parties,the development team,and the scrum teamplan and analyze the work.

OPO and Scrum Team need to work togetherProvide the development team with a suitable plan for product backlog.

What are the characteristics of a good Product Backlog?

The following are the four characteristics of a good product portfolio.

You can keep the acronymDEEPin mind and understand if your product portfolio fits.

duly detailed

One of thecriticalcharacteristics of a good product portfolio is that it will bedetailed enough.

Items in the product backlog that you need to take on later will have less detail than those prioritized.

(Video) Why the Scrum Product Backlog Is Not Only User Stories And Is Not Prioritised


The product portfolio is a constantevolving document.Teams and Product Owners can add items and morerelevant informationevery time they find it.

They may also decide to change or remove some things.

If the product portfolio you're working on is changing, that's the hallmark of a good product portfolio.


A good product portfolio should havea significant size estimate. And that estimate should be about the efforts that the team will require to develop them.

In this way, the product owner can easilyview, estimate and prioritize the itemOK.

For example, the items in the team's portfolio that will be prioritized will be small in size.


A single product backlog should be a collection of multiple product backlog items. But in this case, you should not put all the items of the product portfolio on top.

When such a situation arises, it would be best to take the necessary product elements for release. Don't focus on the other items in the product portfolio.

So you save time and you canfocus on your priorities.

How to estimate the Product Backlog?

Estimating a product backlog helps product owners and teams review backlog items.

You can use the following three estimation methods to estimate product backlog.

poker planning

As the name suggests, this estimate of product backlog is also fun to work with.

once you have onerating scaleinstead, gather your team members. Now deal the ranked cards to each of them.

Read aloud the product backlog item you need to rank. Each team member will select the card and sort the items. But they won't disclose it until the product owner gives notice.

Once everyone has chosen their rank for that item, the team will show the cards.

If the estimates are similar, the group has accepted that statement.

But if the selected estimates differ, the team will need to analyze them further.


Another estimate of the product portfolio is the order.

Each team member takes a card with a certain item from the printed product portfolio. Then they place it on the table.

The team then places the items on each side of the table considering how the team member estimates them.

One side of the table represents the high priority items. Conversely, the other side will have the lower priority items.

Then the other team member also takes a card from the pile and places it where they see fit. They can also move the existing card to either side.

After all the cards are stacked on the stack table and all members agree on their positions, you will give the product portfolio items a number. This number is assigned with the help of thefibonacci scales.

Sort the items starting with the lowest cards. For example, you assign the smallest element the number 1, and when you move to the other side of the table, the estimate would be 3, 4, 5, and so on.

Unique Method

One of the unique methods of estimating your product's backlog depends on the t-shirts you wear.

Amazed?No seas.

Estimating this method is easy.

(Video) What Does an Agile Product Owner Do?

Here's how you can do it: You can estimate the product backlog item based on sizes S, M, L, XL, XXL, etc.

This method is useful when you arenot sure about the numerical estimatesor are still discovering the project.

However, keep in mind that you cannot use this estimate to the end. Once you're comfortable with the numbers, convert these shirt sizes to one of the estimates above.

Who creates the estimate for a product backlog item?

ODevelopment teamo The TD is responsible for all estimates on the product backlog.

But the TD needs to consult and discuss the product backlog items with the owner.

What are the prioritization techniques of the Product Backlog?


The RICE scoring model is a prioritization frameworkdesigned to help product managersdetermine which products, features, and other initiatives make the cut.You can assign the RICE score by ranking these items based on four factors.

The factors that form the acronym RICE are:

  • Reach(the number of clients that would use this feature)
  • Impact(how much it will improve the bottom line or income of your business)
  • Trust(belief in our ability to meet that estimate)
  • efforts(resources needed for development time/costs)
What is Product Backlog and who owns it? | chisel (3)

Using a scoring system like this can provide companies with three key benefits:

  1. making it possiblemore informed decisionsof less biased decision makers.
  2. Helpdefense optionswhen questioned by executives.
  3. reducing the riskinvolved with new ideas that are introduced into already risky environments.

Moscow method:

The MoSCoW method is a structureforeffective communication with key stakeholderswhat and why you are working on specific features.

Moscowsupportsmust have (required), must have (preferred but not required),could have (possibly beneficialor advantageous),won't work now.

It used to be used bywaterfall basedHowever, it may work better in agile environments when time constraints make it difficult to complete the entire project simultaneously.

It helps critical stakeholders understand which backlog items are most important to focus on, and saves time and energy by categorizing them more efficiently.

Value vs. Effort

The Value vs. Effort Prioritization Methodaidsimplifyall enumerate various characteristics and initiatives.

It quantifies them with value and effort scores to properly determine their place in the matrix.

value x effortprioritization methodis a great way for organizationsuse your resources more effectively.

In addition, he stays true to the company's values ​​and goals while delivering on customer promises. All of this will lead to higher revenue or growth if executed correctly.

Features are classified according tohow much value they providerelative to the effort required for implementation.

Canmeasure it by ROI (return on investment)or the total cost involved per feature up to full development. You can choose what seems most appropriate given your specific circumstances.

1-2-3 later

The Product Owner reviews all items in the Product Backlog.three times.

The first time, they try to find the most important item to work on next and put it aside while they inspect other items in the same way.

They repeat this process two more times, inspecting each new batch of options two at a time (one of the previous batches).

Finally, they're back where we started: the original list again. However, now you organize according to the urgency of completion.

This technique would be better to usewhen there are fewer than 25 backordered items in total.

Simple two-factor classification

First, the product owner gives each item a business value from 0 to 5; higher numbers mean they are more valuable to the company.

Then, that person assumes them and asks for help to categorize them into two groups:

  1. small enoughtherefore it can be completed in less than a day if everyone piles into it;
  2. everything else istoo big or uncertainabout meeting the deadline.

The Product Owner reviews everyone who falls into the first category based on their score. Then they order them and add what was left out.

The Product Owner should only focus on the items in the “little enough” for this disambiguation work.

(Video) Agile| Scrum |How to conduct a Product Backlog Refinement Meeting?

Leave the other items in an almost random order. This helps facilitate prioritization decisions when many options have the same business value score. This technique works well when there is20 and 50 product portfolio items.

These techniques require some thought if multiple items within a category share an equal business value score.

However, it is advisable not to worry too much about them. That is, as long as you have articles classified in “little" size. Small size usually meansless than twenty

Prima:Click here to understand the purpose of a product and how to define it.

FIFO with shipped items

In this technique, the items of the product portfolio arearranged in order of order.

The only exception is that the Product Owner can move a set number at the start of each sprint.

Also, you can exclude items at the top if they have been completed or are considered irrelevant. This process works forany size and quantity.

However, all entries must be small enough to complete in one sprint.

Examples of product accumulation

Let's take a look at examples of goal-based product backlogs.

A product portfolio structured around objectives is also known asgoal-oriented order book. he focuses onproduct purposeand divides it into sub-features.

The two benefits you can get from a goal-oriented backlog are:

  • Teams can spend more time onBusiness value.They may update and improve certain features of a product.
  • Because the goals are visible on a daily basis, teams feelresponsiblefor working for them. You can create measurable feedback scores to see if the team is on track.

Backlog de Sprint vs. Backlog de Producto

Osprint backlogit's ashort term plandue to team workload.

The product portfolio is along term plandetermined by the deliverables that make your products more valuable.

Many people may think that these two tasks are subservient to each other. But this is not always true because actually both can be different approaches.

although youthe goals are the same, they often become part of each other.

The product portfolio isa container for essential workthat keeps your company active in the market competition.

It can also change frequently with items being added or removed on a regular basis. It is usually more prominent than the Sprint Backlog due to itshigher granularity(less stuff split below user story levels).

The Product Owner monitors this list, particularly unassigned tasks.

These unassigned tasks are designed to ensure that something new always comes along, so customers never get bored.

On the other hand, thesprint backlogit is a container for the work items that the team has committed to doing as part of the next sprint.

It is the result of the meeting where they decide what work to do in the next week and month, which usually lasts from one to four weeks.

You generate the content for these sprints based on the agreed user stories.

However, if necessary, you can also includebugs and refactoring tasks(making the code more efficient).

What is Product Backlog and who owns it? | chisel (4)

Finally,software for product managersasChiselHelp teams organize andprioritize product portfolio.

Click here to request a demo session with Chisel.

It's asimple but powerful toolthat makes it easy to collaborate with your team members on the back-end of any project or initiative.

Comintuitive features like kanban boards, you can easily see what tasks are due next and if they were completed or not.

(Video) 20 Product Owner Interview Questions and Answers

Best of all, Chisel is free forever! take a chance

You may also be interested in:

  • Product backlog item
  • A complete guide on what the grooming backlog is and how it will improve your product
  • Use cases of the RICE model


Who owns a product backlog? ›

Who Owns the Backlog? While the entire cross-functional agile team works together on the backlog, the product owner owns it. In most cases, the product owner (or product manager) holds responsibility for organizing and maintaining the product backlog.

What is meant by product backlog? ›

What is a product backlog? A product backlog is a prioritized list of work for the development team that is derived from the roadmap and its requirements. The most important items are shown at the top of the product backlog so the team knows what to deliver first.

Who owns the product backlog in sprint? ›

Who Owns the Sprint Backlog? According to the scrum framework, the entire agile team — scrum master, product owner, and development team members — will share ownership of the sprint backlog. This is because all members of the team will bring unique knowledge and insights to the project at the beginning of each sprint.

What is the definition of product backlog in agile? ›

In Agile development, a product backlog is a prioritized list of deliverables (such as new features) that should be implemented as part of a project or product development. It's a decision-making artifact that helps you estimate, refine, and prioritize everything you might sometime in the future want to complete.

Does the Scrum Master own the backlog? ›

The owner of the Scrum Product Backlog is the Scrum Product Owner. The Scrum Master, the Scrum Team and other Stakeholders contribute it to have a broad and complete To-Do list. Working with a Scrum Product Backlog does not mean that the Scrum Team is not allowed to create and use other artifacts.

Does the PO own the backlog? ›

The Product Owner is the person responsible for making changes to the backlog and for planning sprints. Given the dynamic nature of a backlog, developers, who are at the forefront of this changing landscape, might want to add or remove user stories as new needs arise.

Is product backlog part of scrum? ›

As described in the Scrum Guide, the Product Backlog is an emergent, ordered list of what is needed to improve the product. It is the single source of work undertaken by the Scrum Team. Product Backlog items that can be Done by the Scrum Team within one Sprint are deemed ready for selection in a Sprint Planning event.

Why is it called backlog? ›

Etymology. back +‎ log. 1680s; originally a large log at the back of a fire. Figurative sense from 1880s, meaning "something stored up for later use".

What is sprint vs product backlog? ›

The product backlog gives an overview of the entire product. A sprint backlog gives a closer focus on the work of the product during a specific time period.

Who is the owner of the sprint? ›

Sprint Corporation
Former Sprint World Headquarters Campus in Overland Park, Kansas, U.S.
Total equityUS$26.07 billion (2019)
Number of employees28,500 (Q1 2019)
ParentT-Mobile US
20 more rows

What is sprint vs sprint backlog? ›

The Scrum Master organizes the meetings for planning the upcoming Sprint, which is called the Sprint Planning meetings. The Developer and the Product Owner discuss the items that have to be added to the current Sprint. The list of things that are to be added in a particular Sprint is called the Sprint Backlog.

What are three components within the product backlog? ›

Product Backlog Item Overview:

Value: the Business Value of the PBI as determined by the Product Owner. Estimate: the Team needs to estimate the relative effort it will take to move the PBI to Done. Order: The Product Owner needs to prioritize PBIs by their relative value.

Who best describes the product backlog? ›

The Product Owner and the Development Team.

What is the difference between roadmap and backlog? ›

The product roadmap communicates high-level strategic objectives and priorities vs. the product backlog is a list of tasks that serve the roadmap's strategic plan.

What Scrum Master Cannot do? ›

The Scrum Master should not be confusing with the role of Project Manager. The scrum master's role is to take a different perspective from the team members and don't directly work as a taskmaster. They don't direct the team, collect status, compile reports, and share it with the stakeholders.

Who orders the backlog in Scrum? ›

The product owner can order the items in the product backlog. The product owner is often responsible for prioritizing items in the backlog and ordering them accordingly. The scrum team determines how to implement those items and what to do with those items.

What are the 5 principles of scrum? ›

The Five Scrum Values

A team's success with scrum depends on five values: commitment, courage, focus, openness, and respect.

Does PO attend daily standup? ›

Product Owners should be at the Daily Scrum as they are a member of the team who has critical information to share. They do need to remember that their presence can be beneficial or detrimental and it's up to them to embody behaviors that promote team agility and not derail necessary conversations.

Who is responsible to release the PO? ›

one Scrum Master, one Product Owner, and Developers.

What is the role of backlog owner? ›

A backlog owner focuses on maintaining the backlog, gathering requirements, translating them into stories, and shepherding them through sprints. He may not have a deep understanding of the product and serves as more of an order taker or story scribe.

How do you handle backlog in agile? ›

Here are a few action items for improving your backlog size.
  1. Take the Product Owner Role Seriously. There should be one person — no more, no less — responsible for the backlog of each scrum team. ...
  2. Limit Design in Process. ...
  3. Decide How to Manage the Backlog. ...
  4. Make Decisions. ...
  5. Work With an Aging Idea Funnel. ...
  6. Follow Your Own Rules.
Dec 7, 2017

What are the 4 major categories of items in product backlog? ›

  • What Are the Types of Product Backlog Items? The product backlog lists all the tasks that must be completed to deliver a product to the customer. ...
  • Features. ...
  • Defects. ...
  • Technical work. ...
  • Knowledge acquisition/research.

What is the purpose of a backlog? ›

A backlog is a list of tasks required to support a larger strategic plan. For example, a product development context contains a prioritized list of items. The product team agrees to work on these projects next. Typical items on a product backlog include user stories, changes to existing functionality, and bug fixes.

Is there a product backlog in Kanban? ›

By definition, a project or product backlog is a visual representation of items that you may or may not deliver. On a Kanban board, the backlog “lives” on the leftmost part before the “To Do” stage (column).

Is product backlog a project plan? ›

A product backlog is essentially a specialized to-do list. It's an ordered list of tasks, features, or items to be completed as part of a larger product roadmap. If your team uses the Agile methodology, a product backlog can help you break down projects and initiatives to determine which tasks are most important.

How many backlogs are there in scrum? ›

The Scrum product backlog is comprised of four different parts. These are also included priority wise in the product backlog.

What is a backlog in Jira? ›

Your backlog is usually a list of issues describing what your team is going to do on a project. It's a convenient place for creating, storing, and managing several kinds of issues: issues that you're currently working on (you can also see them on the board and in the current sprint if you're using a Scrum project)

Is sprint a backlog? ›

A sprint backlog is a list of work items your team plans to complete during a project sprint. These items are usually pulled from the product backlog during the sprint planning session. A clear sprint backlog prevents scope creep by clarifying exactly what your team will be doing—and not doing—during each sprint.

Why is product backlog important? ›

A product backlog represents feedback from multiple sources, like other developers, sales, business development, but most importantly, your users. It's your job to take in that feedback, prioritize it, manage it, and work it into the future of your product.

What is Kanban in Agile? ›

What is kanban? Kanban is a popular framework used to implement agile and DevOps software development. It requires real-time communication of capacity and full transparency of work. Work items are represented visually on a kanban board, allowing team members to see the state of every piece of work at any time.

What is a chicken in scrum? ›

These terms are most commonly used in Scrum. "Chicken" refers to someone who is involved in a project but is not responsible for a specific outcome (such as a stakeholder or manager). "Pig" refers to someone who is committed and directly responsible for the deliverables.

What is spike and zero sprint in agile? ›

Purpose Of Sprint Zero and Spike in Agile

Spikes provide long-term trust, visibility, and predictability to the product roadmap, while The primary purpose of a Sprint Zero is to offer some meaningful value that can be improved upon by the following team.

Who writes the sprint goal? ›

A sprint goal is a short, one- or two-sentence, description of what the team plans to achieve during the sprint. It is written collaboratively by the team and the product owner.

Who commits the sprint plan? ›

Ultimately, the resulting sprint plan is a negotiation between the development team and product owner based on value and effort. The Who – You cannot do sprint planning without the product owner or the development team. The product owner defines the goal based on the value that they seek.

Who runs the demo in agile? ›

Product Managers and Product Owners, who are usually responsible for running the demo. One or more members of the System Team, who are often responsible for setting up the demo in the staging environment. Business Owners, executive sponsors, customers, and customer proxies.

Why is it called sprint in scrum? ›

Sutherland has a new book out called Scrum: The Art of Doing Twice the Work in Half the Time. And so my team embarked on what we called “sprints”. We called them that because the name evoked a quality of intensity. We were going to work all out for a short period of time and stop to see where we were.

What is the difference between Agile and scrum? ›

The key difference between Agile and Scrum is that while Agile is a project management philosophy that utilizes a core set of values or principles, Scrum is a specific Agile methodology that is used to facilitate a project.

Who owns the product backlog and priorities in Scrum? ›

The product owner owns the product backlog. They work closely with the development team to ensure the backlog is constantly updated and refined.

Does Scrum Master gather the product backlog from product owner? ›

It is the product owner's responsibility to create and maintain the product backlog, which keeps changing based on current status of the work and development needs. The Scrum Master helps the product owner refine and maintain the backlog by using information gathered from standup meetings.

Can product owner and Scrum Master be the same person? ›

No, it should be 2 different individuals. This would seem to naturally indicate 2 separate individuals for Scrum Master and Product Owner. They each have a different focus and scope.

Who owns the board in Scrum? ›

Scrum board is always owned by one Scrum team (and typically run by a leader called a Scrum Master). A Scrum team is a cross-functional group of employees whose background contains all the skills required for successful completion of all the tasks during this Sprint.

Who owns the scrum process? ›

In the Scrum methodology, the Scrum Product Owner is usually a project's key stakeholder—typically someone from marketing or product management, or the lead user of a system. They have a deep understanding of users, the marketplace, competitors, and trends.

Who owns the scrum? ›

In Scrum, the Product Owner is the only one who takes responsibility for ROI regarding the product development effort and its maximization by defining product features.

What is the Scrum Master not responsible for? ›

The Scrum Master is not responsible for solving all teams' problems. He or she needs to promote, support, and ensure the Scrum is understood and lived in the organization. Whenever there's a problem that the team can solve, the Scrum Master needs to help the team solving that themselves.

Who takes the main responsibility for the product backlog? ›

One of the most important responsibilities for a scrum product owner is managing the product backlog. This is the development team's project to-do list. The product owner's responsibility is to create the list of backlog items and prioritize them based on the overall strategy and business objectives.

What is the role of Scrum Master in product backlog? ›

The Scrum Master helps the Product Owner to prioritize and groom the Product backlog, imparts a clear understanding of product planning, and facilitates Scrum events as required by the Product Owner. He or she acts smoothens communications between the team and the Product owner.

Who gets paid more Scrum Master or Product Owner? ›

Higher Earning Power

According to a salary survey by the Scrum Alliance, a Scrum team member typically earns around $88,000 per year. A Scrum Master, on the other hand, earns an average annual base salary of around $95,000.

Who can cancel a sprint? ›

A Sprint could be cancelled if the Sprint Goal becomes obsolete. Only the Product Owner has the authority to cancel the Sprint. This opens it up to the Scrum Team to decide what comes next should a Sprint Goal become obsolete, and the PO decide to cancel a Sprint.

Who is more powerful Product Owner or Scrum Master? ›

The PO owns the product, the responsibilities are greater than those that fall under the SM's role. It's not about hierarchy, it's a simple fact. If the Product fails, it is on the PO; it doesn't fall on the SM.

What are the 3 C's in Scrum? ›

The 3 C's (Card, Conversation, Confirmation) of User Stories

Work together to come up with ideal solutions. The goal is to build a shared understanding. Confirmation – Work towards agreement on what to build. Record that agreement as a set of confirmation tests.

What are the 3 rules of Scrum? ›

Basic Scrum Rules

There are no Breaks Between Sprints. Every Sprint is the Same Length. The Intention of Every Sprint is “Potentially Shippable” Software.

Which is the golden rule in Scrum? ›

These are the five golden rules in Scrum: Openness: Scrum sees collaboration as the most effective way to create the best possible product. So teamwork and transparency are essential. Rather than anxiously downplaying problems, Scrum team members are open about their progress and any roadblocks they encounter.


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